Richard I


King of England 1189-99, known as 'Coeur de Lion' or'Lionheart'. The son of Eleanor of Aquitaine, a leading patron of troubadours (Bernart de Ventadour for example), he was himself a trouvère. The picturesque tale of his rescue from prison by Blondel de Nesle is sadly apocryphal; two of his poems survive, one with music, and his death was mourned by Gaucelm Faidit in a moving planh or lament.

IIA: Troubadours, Trouvères and Minnesingers